ORIGINS, A BIG FAMILY SINCE 1841
The vineyard and the winnery, our distinctive character
Bodegas Luzón is one of the main producers and exporters of quality wines of the D.O. Jumilla, and one of its most historic wineries, producing wine since the late nineteenth century.
The wine growing area of Jumilla is located southeast of Spain, north of the region of Murcia. The climate is continental, influenced by the Mediterranean Sea with warm days, rains that do not reach 300 liters per square meter, and cold nights. The result is a harsh climate, which causes a thick textured soil and allows to obtain small grape bunches, with a good concentration of sugar, excellent acidity and thicker skins.
To reach our origins, we must go back to 1841. Don José de Molina, commander of the Royal Armies stationed in the Spanish colony of Manila (Philippines), decides to return to his land Jumilla. It is then when he names his lands as “Finca Luzón”, in honor of the island where he was so long.
This winery would be created for his daughter Ana Josefa de Molina, remaining until the 80s of the XX century, always the inheritance of the land linked to the female branches of the family.
We are in one of the oldest wineries in the Jumilla area and that, in addition, from its origins and for much of its history, was directed by women.
A good wine does not start in the cellar. Starts on the vine, in viticulture and its care. In Bodegas Luzón we manage about 1,200 hectares of vineyards, owned and managed by farmers.
The main variety that you can find in our vineyards is, of course, Monastrell, a grape so characteristic in our Region and that serves as the basis for many of our wines. It is a variety of strong character that usually derives in wines with a remarkable graduation.
Other varieties are Garnacha Tintorera, a grape very planted both in our area and in Alicante; Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon and Petit Verdot in terms of the red varieties, and Macabeo (or Viura) and Chardonnay in the white ones.
The collection, depending on the type of wine to be made and the area, can be done well in plastic boxes with a capacity of 10 and 15 kilos, to preserve the integrity of the grape, or in 300 kilos palots, or trailers.
The room Altos de Luzón
One of the most important areas of our winery is the room Altos de Luzóm. Here the wine creation process begins.
In this case, one of our most emblematic wines, Altos de Luzón, along with our Alma de Luzón and Por Ti. We carry out what we call the “Triple selection”: vineyard selection, farmer selection during manual harvest and table selection.
The process begins, after the arrival of the grape, keeping it in our refrigeration chambers to avoid unwanted spontaneous fermentation.
Subsequently, the grapes are turned on the selection table, where the best bunches are selected. These pass to the destemmer, where the grape grains are separated from their scrapes, in order to separate the vegetable and herbaceous part of the fruit.
Once this process was done, the grapes would enter directly into the fermentation tanks. Each grape variety that forms Altos de Luzón, Alma de Luzón or Por Ti is fermented separately, to maintain the characteristics and the notes of expression that each variety has.
After the alcoholic fermentation, the stripping is carried out to remove the wine from the deposits where it has been fermented and thus take it to another deposit in which the second fermentation, the malolactic, will be carried out.
The time has come to decide which wine is directly bottled as young or vintage wine and what other wines have the ability to stand the test of time and rest in the barrels while aging.
The barrel room
For the elaboration of several of our wines, the barrel is a fundamental piece. The wood allows the slow passage of oxygen, which produces a smooth oxidation, modifying its structure and varying its color and flavor. Our nursery rooms are underground to maintain practically constant temperature and humidity conditions throughout the year.
In total we have capacity for 4,500 barrels between French and American oak. The reason we have two types of barrels is because different types of wood provide different nuances to the wines that are aged in the interior.
For each wine, depending on its fruit and structure, the winemaker will choose the type of oak, its degree of roasting and the duration of aging. In this period the wines acquire roundness, are refined and harmonized.
Once it has reached its optimum moment, it is bottled.
For Bodegas Luzón it is a place of worship and history. One of the most prominent places in our winery.
In this area we store all the vintages since 2001. Here the temperature and humidity play a determining factor so that we can preserve each of the wines that we have created throughout our recent history in an optimal way.
These bottles are stored in their niches to remind future generations of the history of our winery and those that created and gave rise to each of the wines. In addition, it is also important for conducting vertical tastings, which allows winemakers to correct or pursue certain nuances.
The cathedral is the original area where the wine was made in the origins of the winery. On the roof you can still see the holes through which the grape was once discharged to carry out the fermentation process. This room was filled to the top with grapes for this purpose.
Fortunately, technology has been reaching the oenology and the whole process of creating wine is much simpler.